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Lake Mburo National Park

A Gem in Uganda’s Wildlife Landscape

Lake Mburo National Park, situated in western Uganda, is a compact yet diverse sanctuary known for its rich wildlife, scenic landscapes, and the iconic Lake Mburo. Covering an area of approximately 370 square kilometers, it is one of Uganda’s smallest national parks but offers a unique blend of savannah, woodland, and wetland ecosystems, making it a key destination for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.

Geography and Terrain

Lake Mburo National Park features a varied terrain, including:

  • Lake Mburo: The park’s central feature, Lake Mburo, is the largest of the five lakes within the park and forms part of a 50-kilometer-long wetland system linked by a swamp.
  • Savannahs and Woodlands: The park is dominated by rolling hills and open and wooded savannah, providing diverse habitats for various wildlife species.
  • Wetlands and Swamps: In addition to Lake Mburo, the park has numerous swamps and wetlands that support a rich variety of aquatic life and bird species.


The park is known for its impressive diversity of wildlife, particularly its large populations of herbivores and birds. Notable wildlife includes:

  • Mammals: Lake Mburo National Park is home to a variety of herbivores, including:
    • Zebras: The park has one of the largest populations of plains zebras in Uganda.
    • Impalas: It is the only park in Uganda where the impala can be found.
    • Elands: The largest antelopes, elands are a highlight for many visitors.
    • Buffalos: Frequently seen grazing in the savannahs and along the lake shores.
    • Giraffes: The park has been reintroduced with Rothschild’s giraffes.
    • Hippos and Crocodiles: These aquatic animals are commonly found in Lake Mburo and its surrounding swamps.
    • Predators: Although less frequently seen, the park is home to leopards, hyenas, and side-striped jackals.
  • Birds: With over 315 bird species recorded, the park is a birdwatcher’s haven. Key species include the African fish eagle, marabou stork, pied kingfisher, and rare species like the African finfoot and white-winged warbler.
  • Reptiles and Amphibians: Various reptiles and amphibians, including the Nile monitor lizard, can be found in the park’s wetland areas.

Activities and Attractions

Visitors to Lake Mburo National Park can enjoy a variety of activities that highlight its natural beauty and wildlife diversity:

  • Game Drives: Explore the park on guided game drives, with opportunities to see zebras, impalas, giraffes, and other wildlife. The Kazuma Lookout offers panoramic views of the park.
  • Boat Cruises: Enjoy boat trips on Lake Mburo, offering close encounters with hippos, crocodiles, and a variety of bird species. Sunset cruises are particularly popular for their scenic beauty.
  • Bird Watching: With its rich avian diversity, the park offers excellent birdwatching opportunities, with guided tours available to help spot rare and endemic species.
  • Nature Walks: Guided nature walks allow visitors to explore the park on foot, providing a closer look at its flora and fauna. Walks around the salt lick area and along the Rwonyo trail are especially rewarding.
  • Horseback Safaris: Unique to Lake Mburo, horseback safaris offer a different perspective on wildlife viewing, allowing visitors to get closer to animals without the noise of a vehicle.
  • Cycling: Guided mountain biking tours provide an adventurous way to explore the park’s landscapes and wildlife.
  • Fishing: Lake Mburo offers excellent fishing opportunities, with tilapia being the most common catch.

Conservation and Sustainability

Lake Mburo National Park plays a vital role in the conservation of Uganda’s biodiversity. Key conservation efforts include:

  • Wildlife Protection: Anti-poaching measures and wildlife monitoring programs to protect endangered species and maintain healthy populations.
  • Habitat Conservation: Efforts to preserve the park’s diverse ecosystems, including savannahs, woodlands, and wetlands.
  • Community Engagement: Collaborating with local communities to promote conservation awareness, education, and sustainable livelihoods through eco-tourism initiatives.
  • Research and Monitoring: Ongoing scientific research and monitoring programs to study and preserve the park’s diverse ecosystems and wildlife populations.

Visitor Experience

Lake Mburo National Park offers a range of accommodation options, from luxury lodges and tented camps to more budget-friendly guesthouses and campsites. The park’s serene environment and rich biodiversity provide a peaceful retreat for nature lovers, adventure seekers, and wildlife enthusiasts. Whether on a game drive, a boat cruise, or a horseback safari, visitors to Lake Mburo are guaranteed an unforgettable experience.

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