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Mikumi National Park

A Wildlife Haven in Southern Tanzania

Mikumi National Park, located in southern Tanzania, is a renowned wildlife sanctuary that forms part of the vast Selous ecosystem. Covering an area of approximately 3,230 square kilometers, it is Tanzania’s fourth-largest national park and offers a rich diversity of landscapes and wildlife. Established in 1964, Mikumi is a popular destination for both local and international tourists seeking an accessible yet authentic safari experience.

Geography and Terrain

Mikumi National Park features a varied landscape that includes:

  • Open grasslands
  • Acacia woodlands
  • The striking Uluguru Mountains to the east

The Mkata River floodplain, a central feature of the park, is reminiscent of the Serengeti Plains and supports a high concentration of wildlife. The park’s terrain is characterized by gently rolling hills and picturesque vistas, making it a scenic and inviting destination for nature lovers.


Mikumi is home to a rich array of wildlife, making it a prime destination for game viewing. The park hosts large populations of:

  • Elephants
  • Buffaloes
  • Zebras
  • Wildebeests

Lions are commonly sighted, often resting under the shade of acacia trees or hunting in the open grasslands. Mikumi is also one of the few places in Tanzania where visitors can see the eland, the largest antelope species. The park is renowned for its birdlife, with over 400 species recorded. Bird watchers can spot colorful species such as the lilac-breasted roller, bateleur eagle, and yellow-throated longclaw.

Activities and Attractions

Visitors to Mikumi National Park can enjoy a variety of activities designed to showcase its natural beauty and abundant wildlife. Game drives are the most popular activity, with early morning and late afternoon drives offering the best opportunities to see animals when they are most active. Night game drives are also available, providing a chance to spot nocturnal species such as leopards, genets, and bushbabies. Guided walking safaris offer a more intimate experience, allowing visitors to explore the park on foot and learn about its flora and fauna from knowledgeable guides. The park’s diverse habitats can be explored through different walking trails, each offering unique insights into the ecosystem.

Conservation and Community Involvement

Mikumi National Park is committed to conservation efforts aimed at protecting its wildlife and habitats. Anti-poaching initiatives and community outreach programs are crucial components of the park’s management strategy. Local communities are actively involved in conservation activities, benefiting from eco-tourism through employment opportunities and revenue-sharing schemes.

Visitor Experience

Mikumi National Park is easily accessible from Dar es Salaam, making it an ideal destination for both day trips and longer safaris. The park’s infrastructure includes a variety of accommodation options, ranging from basic campsites to luxury lodges, ensuring a comfortable stay for all types of travelers. The relatively low visitor numbers compared to other major parks in Tanzania allow for a more tranquil and exclusive safari experience.

The park’s strategic location also makes it a convenient stopover for travelers heading to other southern Tanzania destinations, such as Ruaha National Park and the Selous Game Reserve. Whether exploring the open plains teeming with wildlife, embarking on a walking safari, or simply enjoying the breathtaking landscapes, visitors to Mikumi National Park are treated to an unforgettable adventure in one of Tanzania’s most captivating natural areas.

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